PowerShell

Using Docker Machine to provision a VM running Docker on Azure

Using Docker Machine to provision a VM running Docker on Azure Docker Machine facilitates the creation and management of virtual hosts running Docker engine https://docs.docker.com/machine/overview/ . This could be a host running within a VM on your local machine, via technologies such as Hyper-V or in a public cloud such as Microsoft Azure. Docker Machine uses drivers to enable deployment to different platforms During this post we will provision a VM running Docker on Microsoft Azure and deploying containers to the VM. We will use the Azure driver for Docker Machine which is documented here https://docs.docker.com/machine/drivers/azure/ . Docker Machine facilitates…
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Nano Server Container Host – Culture: en-GB is not supported

I've been working with Docker and containers over the past few weeks. Today I wanted to configure a Nano server image as a container host. The process is well documented here: https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/virtualization/windowscontainers/deployment/deployment_nano My host machine is running Windows 10 and I have Windows Server 2016 TP5 Nano running in a Hyper-V VM. When running the command: Install-NanoServerPackage -Name Microsoft-NanoServer-Containers-Package I received the following error: Install-NanoServerPackage : Culture: en-GB is not supported     + CategoryInfo          : NotSpecified: (:) [Write-Error], WriteErrorException     + FullyQualifiedErrorId : Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.WriteErrorException,Install-NanoServerPackage The reason being my host machine, hence the PowerShell remoting session's culture is set to en-GB…
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Introduction to Azure Resource Manager Templates for the IT Pro

The Problem Conflict between software development teams and IT operations is familiar to many of us. As IT professionals we are often faced with support tickets for applications that are: Sluggish Don’t install Randomly stop working This could happen randomly, or more commonly occurs after an application update. Have you ever escalated an issue to the application developers or vendor and had a reply the lines of “You have installed it incorrectly” or “Your hardware is incorrectly configured? It a situation that I have been in a number of times in the past and the resolution to the conflict is often a…
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PowerShell function to enable WinRM over HTTPS on an Azure Resource Manager VM

You may have seen my previous posts detailing how to enable WinRM over HTTPS on an Azure Resource Manager VM. I have now collated all the different bits of script and creates a single PowerShell function. The function is called Configure-WinRMHTTPS, and is as follows: Once the function is loaded you must login to Azure. Then the function can be executed: My next post will cover submitting the function to the PowerShell Gallery.

Create a Custom Script Extension for an Azure Resource Manager VM using PowerShell

Following on from my previous two posts regarding WinRM over HTTPS the next stage was to automate the steps that needed to be carried out inside the Azure VM. In my original post I had a mix of PowerShell, command prompt and copy and paste! Andy Slowey provided me with the following PowerShell to optimize the WinRM over HTTPS server side configuration: In search of going one better, I decided to find a way to avoid the need to use RDP so that the whole process could be automated. Scripts can be executed within an Azure VM without logging into…
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Create a Network Security Group Rule using PowerShell

My last post, http://www.techdiction.com/2016/02/11/configuring-winrm-over-https-to-enable-powershell-remoting/, covered enabling WinRM over HTTPS on an Azure VM. After forwarding the steps to colleagues it was pointed out that some of the steps could be simplified with some PowerShell. My next couple of posts will cover how different parts of my initial process could be automated, starting with creation of the network security group rule. I want to say thanks to Andy Slowey, Technology Specialist at Microsoft Research who suggested some improvements, carried out some testing and ironed out some of the bugs in my PowerShell. The PowerShell below creates the network security group rule for…
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Configuring WinRM over HTTPS to enable PowerShell remoting

Note: After making this post I created some additional posts describing how to automate this process further using PowerShell. The final post in the series is here: http://www.techdiction.com/2016/02/12/powershell-function-to-enable-winrm-over-https-on-an-azure-resource-manager-vm/ which includes a function to carry out the below without the need to log onto the server or portal. PowerShell remoting allows machines to be remotely managed using PowerShell. PowerShell remoting is commonly used with virtual machines running on Azure. When we create a classic/service manager VM on Azure it is automatically configured with a WinRM endpoint so that we can connect using PowerShell remoting. However, if we create a VM using Resource…
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Connecting Azure App Service to VNet using Point to Site VPN using PowerShell

It is possible to connect Azure App Services that are on Standard and Premium plans to a virtual network using a point to site VPN. Unfortunately although it is reasonably straightforward in the portal there isn’t much documentation around on how to do this using PowerShell. In response to a forum post, https://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/en-US/2417fc64-e8d3-4b15-a493-7524f7d4961e/join-a-web-app-to-a-vpn-in-azure-through-powershell-script I created the connection with some help from https://resources.azure.com/.  The solution isn’t a work of art but hopefully enough to put people on the right track. First you need an existing VNet with P2S configured. If you haven’t done that already I suggest reading my previous post – http://www.techdiction.com/2016/01/12/creating-a-point-to-site-vpn-connection-on-an-azure-resource-manager-virtual-network/ Then use…
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Creating a Point to Site VPN connection to an Azure Resource Manager Virtual Network

I have been helping out on the MSDN forums and came across a post where a user was struggling to create a Point to Site (P2S) VPN connection to an Azure Resource Manager (ARM) Virtual Network – https://social.msdn.microsoft.com/Forums/azure/en-US/567b968e-aa50-4ee4-b554-af09c54a40e0/routing-in-azure-between-pointtosite-and-sitetosite-networks?forum=WAVirtualMachinesVirtualNetwork. At the time of writing it is not possible using the portal. I had a look at the ARM PowerShell commands and found the command Set-AzureRmVirtualNetworkGatewayVpnClientConfig  but failed to find any documentation. I set about the task of working out how to do this. Gateway Subnet The Virtual Network Gateway must connect to a subnet named GatewaySubnet. I created this using the…
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Microsoft Ignite: The beginning of the end for Windows Server?

When I visit conferences such as Microsoft Ignite I often choose sessions because of the speakers. However I also ensure I attend a number of sessions covering new and updated technology, the things I see as game changers. The technologies I focused on were Azure, in particular Azure Active Directory and a couple of more general Windows Server sessions. Here’s my main takeaways and personal opinion how the development of these technologies will change the look of IT and in particular Windows Server as we know it today. I primarily work with organisations for whom the public cloud is a…
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